Fall of the Berlin Wall

Fall Of The Berlin Wall is a holiday on which people all over the world celebrate the day when the Berlin Wall came down on November 9, 1989. The day of November 9th was also initially considered for the celebration of German Unity Day, but that idea was scrapped because this day is also the anniversary of the first large-scale Nazi pograms against Jews in 1938. The result is that the Fall of The Berlin Wall is celebrated on November 9th, and German Unity Day falls on October 3rd.

The History Of Fall Of The Berlin Wall

To understand this holiday, you first have to travel back to when the Berlin Wall was erected. On August 13, 1961, the Communist government of the GDR, or the German Democratic Republic, began to erect a concrete and barbed wire “antifascist bulwark.” The stated purpose of this rampart was to keep fascists from West Berlin entering East Berlin and undermining the socialist state. However, the real purpose of this bulwark was to prevent mass defections from the East to the West.

The wall continued to stand for over 28-years. Then as the Cold War began to ease all over Eastern Europe, a spokesman for East Berlin’s Communist Party announced that starting at midnight on November 9th, 1989, citizens of the GFR would be free to cross the country’s borders. Both East and West Berliners flocked to the wall and began to chant “Tor Auf” or “open the gate.” Two million people joined in the celebration and people used hammers and various picks to chip away chunks of the wall. All this occurred while bulldozers and cranes pulled down the wall—one section at a time. Eventually, East and West Berlin would be reunited for the first time since 1945. 

Facts About The Berlin Fall

Want a little bit more information on the Berlin Wall? We thought that you might, so we decided to list some of the most interesting facts that we’ve learned about it below. 

The Fall Of The Berlin Wall Was Due To A Mistake

East German politburo member Gunter Schabowski prematurely announced that restrictions on travel visas would be lifted immediately. The policy was supposed to occur the next day and it was supposed to still require a long visa application process. His confused answers led people to flood the border wall crossing at the Bornholmer Street Checkpoint. Facing an angry crowd and unable to get instructions from his superiors, the guard ended up opening the gate and letting people through. Other gates followed soon after. 

The Berlin Wall Was Made Of Two Walls

The barrier separating East and West Berlin was a 27-mile portion that featured two walls that were separated by a death strip that contains hundreds of watchtowers, anti-vehicle trenches, guard dog runs and trip-wire machine guns. 

Observing Fall Of The Berlin Wall

This day can be observed simply by recalling the history of this eventful day. You can also use the hashtag #FallOfTheBerlinWall on your social media accounts to remind the world about the events that happened on this day. 

Where is Fall of the Berlin Wall celebrated?

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