Constitution Day in Mongolia

Constitution Day is a holiday observed in Mongolia that celebrates the ratification of Mongolia’s Constitution on January 13, 1992. This constitution established Mongolia as a representative democracy that guaranteed its people freedom of religion, travel, and rights.

It was a constitution inspired by Western constitutions and would end up being amended in 1999, 2000, and 2019, respectively. It’s a day celebrated with the raising of the Mongolian flag and the playing of the national anthem of the country. This holiday is not a public holiday in Mongolia; therefore, businesses and schools remain open on this day.

The History of Constitution Day in Mongolia

Throughout its history, Mongolia has had several constitutions. There was one adopted in 1924, another in 1940, and yet another in 1960. However, it would not be until after the Mongolian Revolution of 1990 that this country would get its current constitution.

The People’s Republic of Mongolia was dissolved, and the Constitution of Mongolia was adopted on January 13, 1992. It would officially go into effect on February 12. Over the past few years, the constitution has been revised three times—first in 1999, then in 2000, and more recently, in 2019.

Facts About Mongolia

Let’s explore some interesting facts about Mongolia before we continue with Constitution Day. So, let’s just jump right into it with the following facts we uncovered.

  • Mongolia is the least densely populated sovereign nation in the world but is the world’s 18th largest country.
  • The word “Mongol” means “brave.”
  • New Year is Mongolia’s second-largest holiday.

Observing Constitution Day in Mongolia

This holiday is not as celebrated as other holidays in Mongolia, but some people do celebrate it. It is a day marked by people raising the Mongolian flag, singing the national anthem, and attending political speeches that occur on this day.

People also spend the day with friends and family—enjoying traditional Mongolian dishes such as Huushuur, Buuz, Khorkhog, and Boodog.

Where is it celebrated?
Mongolia (Observance)
When is it?
This year (2024)
January 13 Saturday
Next year (2025)
January 13 Monday
Last year (2023)
January 13 Friday