Republic Day in India

Republic Day in India is a public holiday that is observed annually on the 26th of January. This day commemorates the date in 1950 when the Indian Constitution came into effect, replacing the Government of India Act of 1935, which had previously been used as India’s governing document.

When this new constitution was enacted, it transformed India into a republic and marked the transition of the country from an autonomous commonwealth under Great Britain to a sovereign republic within the Commonwealth of Nations. Because this holiday is public in India, it is a non-working day, and most businesses, government agencies, and schools are closed.

The History of Republic Day in India

On January 26th, 1950, India’s Constitution was adopted, transforming the country from a British commonwealth to a sovereign republic and ending Lord Mountbatten’s role as India’s Governor-General.

The Indian Constitution took almost three years to draft, and the committee assigned to draft it was headed by Dr. B.R. Ambedkar. The date for when the Constitution was adopted was chosen because it was on that date in 1930 that the Declaration of Indian Independence was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress.

Observing Republic Day in India

This holiday is not only celebrated with a day off and the closing of public institutions, but it is also celebrated with a fair amount of fun. On this day, there are parades, cultural events, historical exhibitions, and people sing patriotic songs.

It is not only a day for people in India to enjoy their independence, but it is also a day to celebrate the cultural unity of the country. It also includes a full week of activities and political speeches. The one thing that is not enjoyed on this holiday, however, is alcohol. It is forbidden to sell alcohol on this day.

Where is it celebrated?
India (Gazetted holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
January 26 Friday
Next year (2025)
January 26 Sunday
Last year (2023)
January 26 Thursday