Revolution Of 1944
The Revolution of 1944, also known as Revolution Day, is a national holiday that’s observed in the Republic of Guatemala annually. It’s observed every year on the 20th of October and commemorates the revolution that took place on this date back in 1944. October 20th of that year was known as the October Revolution and it toppled the junta that was in control of the country up until then.
Since this is a national holiday in Guatemala, it’s a non-working day for the general public, and it’s a day when non-essential government buildings, schools, and businesses are closed. It’s also a day that’s filled with patriotic celebrations that include flag-raising ceremonies, parades, and concerts.
The History Of The Revolution Of 1944
During the Great Depression, Guatemala was plunged into chaos due to rising prices, lack of employment, and other dire economic conditions. Guatemalan authorities then decided they needed someone with a firm, but steady hand on the economy, so they elected Ubico during the 1931 elections.
Ubico went about improving the country’s economic problems, but in the process, he set up a punitive set of labor laws. This would militarize the country by making each provincial governor a general and giving them the ability to add military officers in charge of an expanding number of government posts.
He was seen as a dictator by many of his own people, and a movement began to challenge his authority through the 1940s. On July 1st, 1944, Ubico appointed a 3-person military junta that was led by Federico Ponce Valdes. Unfortunately, that meant that many of the unpopular policies remained in effect. On October 20th, 1944, the October Revolution toppled the junta.
Observing The Revolution Of 1944 In Guatemala
This holiday is observed all throughout the country with musical festivals, concerts, parades, and other special events. It’s a holiday for people to show patriotism in their country and to spend time with their loved ones.