Statehood Day in Montenegro
Statehood Day is a public holiday observed on July 13th annually in Montenegro. This holiday commemorates the day when Montenegro was recognized as the 27th independent state in the world by the 1878 Berlin Congress. Also known as Montenegro Sovereignty Day, this holiday is the National Day of the country and is observed with a fair amount of enthusiasm each year.
However, it’s important to note that this holiday is not Montenegro’s Independence Day, which is observed annually on May 21st and commemorates the 2006 plebiscite that made Montenegro a sovereign nation.
The History of Statehood Day in Montenegro
Montenegro was originally a semi-autonomous state within the larger Ottoman Empire in the 16th century. Then, a number of rebellions set the country on the road to independence and away from Turkish control. Eventually, Montenegro gained its independence on July 13th, 1878, under the Treaty of Berlin.
Montenegro not only became the 27th independent state in the world but was also ruled by Nicholas I. In 1910, it became a kingdom for a brief period before unifying with Serbia in 1918. It would then become part of Yugoslavia. Eventually, Montenegro achieved full independence in 2006.
Observing Statehood Day in Montenegro
As is the case with many public holidays observed in Montenegro, this holiday takes place over a two-day period. During this time, people participate in parades and fairs, enjoy local music, and listen to speeches delivered by civic leaders and politicians. It’s also a day for people to enjoy some of the delicious dishes offered in the country.
Dishes include Black Risotto, Njeguški Steak, and Lamb in Milk. Other popular dishes in Montenegrin cuisine that are enjoyed on this day include Potato Moussaka & Minced Meat, Sauerkraut Rolls, and Meatballs.