Capital City Day in Mongolia

In Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, the 29th of October is observed as Capital City Day. It’s a day for people to celebrate the city’s founding and is celebrated on the anniversary of the first democratic elections held in the Mongolian People’s Republic in 1990.

Ulaanbaatar was originally founded in the 17th century as a Buddhist monastic center that changed locations over 28 times before it was permanently settled at its current location in 1778. Although this holiday is observed all across the city, it’s not a public holiday. That means that it’s not a day off work or school, and most businesses will remain open for the day.

Interesting Facts About Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia

Over the course of our research, we came across several interesting facts about the capital city of Mongolia. We hope that the following facts will enlighten people as to the importance of this city to Mongolia and why Capital City Day is an important holiday.

  • It was established as a nomadic Buddhist monastic center in 1639.
  • It covers an area of 1,816.3 square miles.
  • It has a population of approximately 1.4 million people.
  • Ulaanbaatar has a population density of approximately 807 people per square mile.
  • It’s home to the largest monastery in Mongolia, Gandantegchinlen Monastery.
  • Dambadarjaalin Monastery is located in the northern district of the city.

Observing Capital City Day in Mongolia

This holiday is mainly observed in Ulaanbaatar. On this day, there are festivals, concerts, exhibitions, and other special events. Many people use this holiday to visit a monastery. This isn’t a public holiday, however, so schools and businesses remain open. On social media, the hashtag #CapitalCityDayMongolia can be used to spread the word about this holiday.

Where is it celebrated?
Mongolia (Observance)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 29 Tuesday
Next year (2025)
October 29 Wednesday
Last year (2023)
October 29 Sunday