Constitution Day in Thailand

Constitution Day in Thailand is observed annually on the 10th of December—unless the 10th falls on a weekend. In that case, the holiday is observed the following Monday. The purpose of this holiday is to commemorate the day in 1932 when Thailand adopted its constitution and became a constitutional monarchy.

Since this day is celebrated as a public holiday in Thailand, many people will have a day off from work and enjoy a long weekend. It’s also a day when many schools, government offices, and banks are closed.

The History of Constitution Day in Thailand

During the Great Depression, Siam (the name by which Thailand was known at the time) was suffering economically. Rama VII, the King of Siam at the time, was seen by some as being too inexperienced to deal with the issues plaguing his country.

The result of this unease among the general public was the coming together of senior military personnel and intellectuals to form a party of the people. This party would then present King Rama VII with an option—stay in power and retain limited authority, or abdicate the throne. This would make Siam a constitutional monarchy.

Facts About Vietnam

Below are some interesting facts about Vietnam that we uncovered during our research for Constitution Day. Let’s go over them before we observe this holiday.

  • The tallest mountain in Vietnam is Fansipan, which stands at approximately 3,143 meters.
  • Cashews are a $2 billion industry per year for Vietnam.
  • Over a third of the world’s black pepper comes from Vietnam.
  • This country has over 3,444 kilometers of coastline—the 33rd longest in the world.

Observing Constitution Day in Thailand

This holiday is celebrated with a variety of different functions. On this day, parades are very common, as are firework displays. People also display images of the current King of Thailand, as well as kings from the past.

Where is it celebrated?
Thailand (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
December 10 Tuesday
Next year (2025)
December 10 Wednesday
Last year (2023)
December 10 Sunday