Martyrdom Of Fatima

The Martyrdom of Fatima, also known as the Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatimah, is a bank holiday observed in Iran on the third day of the Islamic month of Jumada al-Thani.

Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, this holiday may be observed in December, January, or February, depending on which month the third day of Jumada al-Thani corresponds to on the Gregorian calendar. As a bank holiday, most schools, businesses, and banks are closed on this day.

The History of the Martyrdom of Fatima

Fatimah bint Muhammad was the youngest daughter and the only child of the Prophet Muhammad to live to adulthood. She was born to Khadijah, the first of Muhammad’s wives, and later became the wife of Ali, Muhammad’s cousin. She also became the mother of the second and third Imams, Hussain and Hasan.

Fatimah died on 3 Jumada al-Thani in 632, six months after the death of Muhammad. It is believed that her death resulted from injuries sustained when her house was raided by the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, Umar ibn al-Khattab. The Martyrdom of Fatima was officially declared a holiday in 2000, although it had been celebrated unofficially for many centuries prior to that.

Observing the Martyrdom of Fatima

This holiday is marked by various mourning ceremonies throughout Iran. In some areas, ritual mourning processions are held, particularly at the Holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma’sumeh in Qom and the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida in Mashhad.

Where is it celebrated?
Iran (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
December 5 Thursday
Next year (2025)
November 24 Monday
Last year (2023)
December 16 Saturday