Martyrdom Of Fatima
The Martyrdom of Fatima, also known as the Martyrdom of Hazrat Fatimah, is a bank holiday that’s observed in Iran and is observed on the third day of the Islamic month of Jumada al-Thani.
Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, sometimes this holiday is observed in December, sometimes it’s observed in January, and sometimes it’s observed in February-depending on what month on the Gregorian calendar the third day of Jumada al-Thani falls. Because this is a bank holiday, most schools, businesses, and banks are closed on this day.
The History Of The Martyrdom Of Fatima
The youngest daughter and the only child of the prophet Muhammad who lived to adulthood was Fatimah bin Muhammad. She was born to Khadija, the first of Muhammad’s wives, and she would become the wife of Ali, Muhammad’s cousin. She would become the mother of the second and third Imams, Hussain and Hasan.
Six months after the death of Muhammad on 3 Jumada al-Thani in 632, Fatimah died. It’s believed that her death came from injuries that were sustained when her house was raided by the second caliph of the Rashidun Caliphate, Umar ibn al-Khattab. In 2000, the Martyrdom of Fatima was made an official holiday in 2000, although it’s been celebrated in an unofficial capacity for many centuries before that date.
Observing The Martyrdom Of Fatima
This holiday is observed with various mourning ceremonies all across Iran. In some areas, ritual mourning processions are held, particularly at the Holy Shrine of Lady Fatima al-Ma’sume in Quorn and the Holy Shrine of Imam al-Rida in Mashhad.