Republic Proclamation Day

A significant day in the history of Brazil, November 15th marks Republic Proclamation Day. It is a celebration of the time when the United States of Brazil was declared, and Dom Pedro II was removed from power.

What Is Republic Proclamation Day?

The removal of Dom Pedro II, Brazil’s second Emperor, occurred on the 15th of November, which is why this day is celebrated. Its significance dates back to the time when the king of Portugal’s son, Dom Pedro I, declared himself emperor of Brazil.

After his son took the throne at 5 years old, it wasn’t long before there was unrest due to the number of failings throughout his rule. The economy was in turmoil, people did not trust the emperor, and there were calls for abolition that led to an underground movement taking action.

A free republic was then formed when he was overthrown. There was no bloodshed during the coup, but when the proclamation of the republic was announced in the capital, Brazil entered a new age without a monarchy, with a republican government guiding them.

How To Observe Republic Proclamation Day

Republic Proclamation Day is observed on November 15th every year and commemorates the fight for freedom for the people of Brazil. For the 120th anniversary in 2009, Senator Cristovam Buarque spoke of how the country still works towards a true republic, with a focus on equality and opportunity for all.

You can observe the day by finding out more about the coup, and the history behind it, and even share your findings via the hashtag #RepublicProclamationDay to spread the word of this significant day in the history of Brazil.

Where is it celebrated?
Brazil (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
November 15 Friday
Next year (2025)
November 15 Saturday
Last year (2023)
November 15 Wednesday