Constitution Day in Norway
Constitution Day is a holiday in Norway that’s observed annually on May 17th. Also known as Norwegian Constitution Day, or as Syttende Mai’ (May 17th in Norwegian), this holiday commemorates the first Constitution of Norway that made this country independent of Sweden and was signed at Eidsvoll on the 17th of May in 1814.
Other names for this holiday in Norway include Nasjonaldagen (National Day) and Grunnlovsdagen (Constitution Day). This is a public holiday that’s observed in several different ways across Norway, but people can expect a lot of fun, games, and entertainment on this day to enjoy.
The History Of Constitution Day In Norway
With the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars looming, Norway created a Constitution that declared that it was an independent kingdom from Sweden. This document was signed at Eidsvoll on May 17, 1814, and was based on the American and French Constitutions. However, full independence of the country wouldn’t occur until June 7th, 1905. Even so, the date this original constitution was signed remains the National Day of Norway.
This date wasn’t always one that could be observed, however. Between 1820 and 1829, while Norway was still a part of Sweden, celebrating this holiday was banned by Swedish King Karl Johan.
After the end of the 1820s, this holiday was at risk of being just a footnote in Norwegian history, but its status was saved when writer Henrik Wergeland gave a public speech honoring the heritage of Norway on the Constitution Day of 1833. The holiday soon took off and the first official celebration was held in 1836 thanks to the Norwegian Parliament. Since then, it’s been considered the National Day of Norway.
Observing Constitution Day In Norway
For many people, this holiday is one that’s centered on children. There are children’s processions that are composed of local school classes marching through their neighborhoods and feature many of the children waving a Norwegian flag. Other events that are held on this day include games and festivals, theater shows and movie showings, and other special events.