Constitution Day in Poland

Constitution Day in Poland is observed on May 3rd each year and commemorates the declaration of Poland’s Constitution on May 3, 1791. Although festivities for this holiday date back to the early 19th century, it did not become an official holiday until the Second Polish Republic in 1919.

The holiday was delisted from 1947 through 1989—during the time of the Polish People’s Republic but was reestablished when communism fell in modern Poland. Now it is a holiday enjoyed by millions of people across Poland and is a day for many concerts, public speeches, and parades.

The History of Constitution Day in Poland

When the Polish Constitution was enacted on May 3, 1791, it was considered one of the most significant achievements in the history of the country. However, it only remained in effect for one year due to the Russo-Polish War of 1792. Regardless, it is still the first constitution of its type in Europe, and many scholars consider it to be the second oldest constitution in the entire world.

Today, the May 3rd anniversary of this Constitution’s adoption is considered one of the most important civil holidays in the country. Many people compare its importance to how the 4th of July is observed in the U.S.

Interesting Facts About Poland

Below are just a few facts about Poland that people might find interesting as they learn more about Poland’s Constitution Day.

  • The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is the largest castle in the world by land area.
  • Poland has one of the oldest salt mines in the world. It dates back to the 13th century and is called the Wieliczka Salt Mine.
  • The Piwnica Świdnicka in Wrocław, Poland, is the oldest restaurant in Europe.

Observing Constitution Day in Poland

On this day, there are parades, political speeches, concerts, and exhibitions of every kind. In Warsaw and other major Polish cities, there are cannon salutes and the flying of the flag of Poland. This holiday is not only observed in Poland, however.

It is also a holiday that is observed in areas with large Polish populations. For example, in Chicago in the U.S., this holiday is observed as part of Polish-American pride celebrations.

Where is it celebrated?
Poland (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
May 3 Friday
Next year (2025)
May 3 Saturday
Last year (2023)
May 3 Wednesday