Constitution Day in Vanuatu

The Republic of Vanuatu is a South Pacific Ocean nation composed of approximately 80 islands. It is home to over 300,000 residents and became an independent nation when its constitution was signed on October 5th, 1979. This date is commemorated with Vanuatu Constitution Day, a holiday observed on the 5th of October each year.

Because this is a public holiday, it is a day off for the general population, and many non-essential government offices, schools, and businesses are closed. It is also a date on the calendar when many people use the day to spend time with their loved ones and engage in leisure activities.

The History of Constitution Day in Vanuatu

During the 19th century, France and Great Britain struggled against one another for possession of the 80 islands that now make up the Republic of Vanuatu in the South Pacific Ocean. Eventually, a resolution was reached in 1906 when an agreement was made through the Anglo-French Condominium.

During the 1960s, the movement for independence began to gain momentum, and in 1974, the New Hebrides National Party was established. In 1979, it was agreed that the country would become independent, and the drafting of a constitution began.

On October 5th, 1979, the Vanuatu Constitution was signed, and it officially went into effect on July 30, 1980. Since that time, the anniversary of the constitution being signed has been observed as a public holiday in Vanuatu.

Observing Constitution Day in Vanuatu

This holiday is observed with the raising of Vanuatu’s flag and with a day off for the general population. Many institutions are closed on this day, and most people spend time with their families or extended families. It is also common for government leaders to give speeches on this holiday to remind the public of the importance of this holiday.

Where is it celebrated?
Vanuatu (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 5 Saturday
Next year (2025)
October 5 Sunday
Last year (2023)
October 5 Thursday