Independence Day in Liberia
In 1847, Liberia declared its independence from the United States and adopted its own constitution. This event is what’s now celebrated on July 26th each year in Liberia as a national holiday. This day commemorates the date on which the Liberian Constitution was adopted and the beginning of the Republic of Liberia as an independent nation.
It was the first African republic to proclaim its independence and is one of the oldest modern republics in Africa. Every year, the Liberian President declares this day as a holiday, and special events are held all across the country.
The History Of Liberian Independence Day
During the 19th century, the Republic of Liberia was a settlement that was created by the American Colonization Society, or ACS as it was sometimes known. This organization felt that American blacks would have a better chance of freedom in their own country in Africa than they would if they stayed in the United States.
From 1822 through 1861, thousands of free American blacks were relocated to the Cape Mesurado settlement on the Pepper Coast of West Africa. In 1824, the colony adopted the name Liberia and the main settlement in this colony was named Monrovia.
Due to conflict with indigenous people and disease, the first few years of this colony had a high mortality rate, but things eventually stabilized and the colony had gained a bit of stability. On July 26, 1847, the people of the colony issued a Declaration of Independence and drew up a constitution. This constitution was based on the U.S constitution and it would create the independent Republic of Liberia.
Observing Liberian Independence Day
This holiday is celebrated with parades, festivals, and parties all across Liberia. It’s also observed with the Liberian president addressing the public. Speaking of the public, this holiday is a day off for the general population and many non-essential government offices and businesses are closed. It’s also a day when people proudly fly the Liberian Flag.