Investiture Of The Captains Regent

The Investiture of the Captains Regent is a holiday in San Marino that’s observed twice every year. It’s observed on April 1st and on October 1st. San Marino is a republic that has two heads of state who are elected every six months by the Grand and General Counsel.

To give a balanced government, these regents come from different political parties. Once they’ve served six months as regents, they’re ineligible for the position again for three more years. This is a tradition that goes back to 1243 and is based on a custom of the Roman Republic. It might appear to be a strange practice of electing two regents, but the positions are largely symbolic.

The History Of  Investiture Of The Captains Regent

The establishment of the Captain’s Regent began in 1243 and is based on the concept of consuls — which was a practice in Ancient Rome. One of the positions was originally called Captain of the Republic, and the other position was Defender of the Republic. Those terms, however, are not used in modern parlance. Instead, the name Captains Regent is used for the positions.

It used to be that women weren’t allowed to take public positions in San Marino, but that was changed in 1972 with the passing of a new law that allowed women to serve. The first female Captain Regent was elected in April of 1981. She was Maria Lea Pedini-Angelini.

Observing Investiture Of The Captains Regent

The main event in San Marino on either April 1st or October 1st for this holiday is the installation celebrations that take place outside the Government Palace at Piazza Della Liberta.

However, before this formal procedure even takes place, the citizens of San Marino are given a three-day grace period to file any complaints or charges about the new Captain’s Regent. If there are charges, then they’re officially investigated and kicked to a judicial hearing.

Where is it celebrated?
San Marino (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2023)
Next year (2024)
Last year (2022)