John Chilembwe Day
Observed annually in Malawi on the 15th of January, John Chilembwe Day is a public holiday that commemorates the life of an important leader in this country’s resistance to colonialism and its nationhood during the beginning of the 20th century. Although this holiday is usually observed on January 15th, the holiday may be moved to the following Monday if it falls on a weekend.
Since it’s a public holiday, it’s a day off for working people in Malawi and it’s a day when schools, government offices, and businesses are closed. It’s also a day that’s filled with a variety of patriotic and exciting events in the country.
The History Of John Chilembwe Day In Malawi
Although the exact date when John Chilembwe was born isn’t exactly clear, it’s believed that he was born sometime between 1860 and 1871 in Nyasaland—an African nation that is now known as Malawi. It is known that he was trained as a church minister in the U.S and then returned home as a Baptist minister.
While he was training as a Baptist minister in Malawi, he also learned much about the abolitionist movement and brought those values back to Africa. In Malawi, he became disgusted with the cruelty of the white government, so he decided to take a stand.
During WWI, when Britain began to use Nyasa soldiers against Germans in East Africa, that was the straw that broke the proverbial camels’ back. He felt that using locals without their express consent was an abuse of power, so on January 23rd, 1915, he led an uprising and attacked an estate that was abusing African workers and killed several of the estate’s managers, along with several African workers.
Chilembwe’s revolt lacked local support and it quickly collapsed, however. He would end up fleeing to Mozambique and was eventually caught and killed along with a number of his followers on February 3rd, 1915.
Observing John Chilembwe Day In Malawi
This holiday is observed with numerous events all throughout the day. These events include parades, dances, theatrical productions, and concerts. People also spend time with their loved ones on this day and enjoy fine Malawi food such as Chambo, Kachumbari, and Nthochi.