Sun Yat-sen’s Birthday

In Taiwan, November 12 is celebrated as a non-official holiday that commemorates the birthday of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, born in 1866. Sun Yat-sen was the leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party and the first President of the Republic of China.

Because it is a non-official holiday, most institutions operate on their normal schedule, and there are not many events that commemorate the day. Most people revere the memory of this leader privately in their own homes, or they attend political speeches that are set up in observance of this holiday.

The History of Sun Yat-sen’s Birthday in Taiwan

On November 12, 1866, Sun Yat-sen was born to Sun Dacheng and Madame Yang in Cuiheng, Guangdong. At the age of 13, he went to live in Honolulu, Hawaii, with an older brother. There, he studied English and became influenced by Hawaiian and American culture.

In 1883, he returned to China and was troubled by what he saw in the country. This is when he decided to devote his life to changing China for the better. In 1894, Sun Yat-sen headed back to Hawaii and founded the Revive China Society. The following year, a failed coup forced him into exile, and this is when he began collecting money for his revolutionary movement.

In 1911, a military uprising in Wuchang led to the end of imperial rule in China, and Sun Yat-sen returned from the U.S. On December 29, 1911, he was elected as Provisional President of the Republic of China. He is now known as the father of modern China.

Observing Sun Yat-sen’s Birthday in Taiwan

This holiday is observed with political speeches and private ceremonies. Although it is not observed as a public event on a large scale, it is observed by many people in the privacy of their own homes. Because it is not a public holiday, most businesses operate on their normal schedules on this day.

Where is it celebrated?
Taiwan (Observance)
When is it?
This year (2024)
November 12 Tuesday
Next year (2025)
November 12 Wednesday
Last year (2023)
November 12 Sunday