Declaration Of Independence in Venezuela

Declaration of Independence Day is a holiday observed in Venezuela every April 19th. As the name implies, this holiday commemorates the declaration of independence performed by a local junta in Caracas in 1810. As most people familiar with Venezuela will note, this is only one of two independence days observed in the country.

Actual Venezuelan independence wouldn’t take hold until 1821 under the leadership of Simón Bolívar. As such, this holiday isn’t celebrated with as much vigor as the true date of independence, but people still use this public holiday as a day off and to enjoy some of the events happening around the country.

The History of Declaration of Independence Day in Venezuela

Francisco de Miranda attempted to start a revolution in 1806, but the attempt was unsuccessful. However, while he didn’t achieve the results he wanted, he did manage to sow the seeds of insurrection, and several years later, these seeds would flourish thanks to the events that would occur in Venezuela and in Europe.

In 1808, Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Spain and placed his brother Joseph on the throne. Many of the Spanish colonies in the New World, however, remained loyal to Spain’s deposed King Ferdinand. When the news of Ferdinand’s defeat reached Caracas, the people there decided that they would declare independence.

They figured that self-rule was better than rule by the French. On April 19, 1810, the Captain-General of Venezuela was dismissed, and a Supreme Junta of Caracas was convened. This would be the first autonomous government in Latin America.

Observing the Declaration of Independence Day in Venezuela

This holiday is observed not only with a day off but also with the closing of government offices, schools, and some businesses. Although there aren’t a whole lot of activities on this day, there are some special events and speeches given by politicians.

People also use this holiday to enjoy a meal with their friends and family—particularly dishes such as Pabellón Criollo, Patacón Zuliano, and meat tamales known as Hallacas.

Where is it celebrated?
Venezuela (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
April 19 Friday
Next year (2025)
April 19 Saturday
Last year (2023)
April 19 Wednesday