Martyrdom Of Imam Hasan Al-Askari
The Martyrdom Of Imam Hasan Al-Askari is a holiday observed by Shia Muslims in not only Iran but around the world. Millions of Muslims will dress in black and attend special religious ceremonies called Husseiniyahs to mourn this enigmatic and revered figure.
On this day, there are also mass mourning processions and special elegies are given. It’s also the day when benefactors give votive food to those in the community who are not as well off. In Iran, this day is a public holiday, so non-essential government offices, schools, and businesses are closed for the day.
The History Of The Martyrdom Of Imam Hasan Al-Askari
Imam Hassan al-Askari was a Muslim scholar and the 11th Imam in Twelver Shia Islam. He was born to his father, Ali al-Hadi in the 9th century and is an important figure to Shia Muslims. It’s said that he was imbued with divine knowledge, even as a child.
He was known as al-Askari because the city where he lived for a large portion of his life was a garrison town called Samarra. That city was a garrison town and the Arabic word for the military is“Askar.” He was kept under house arrest in Samarra because his father was suspected of a conspiracy against the caliph al-Mutawakkil.
He too was placed under house arrest, and while he was there, he spent his time studying the Quran. Six years after his father’s death, he was poisoned under the orders of the caliphal-Mu’tamid. It’s believed that he died when he was 27 or 28 years of age.
Observing The Martyrdom Of Imam Hasan Al-Askari
This holiday is observed with mourning processions, solemn religious services, and special elegies. In Iran, this is a day off for the general population, and Muslims are expected to use this holiday for religious services, or for giving food to the less fortunate.
Most businesses are closed for the day and travel may be difficult around major urban centers due to a large number of people on the roads.