National Day in Cameroon
National Day is a holiday that’s observed annually on the 20th of May in Cameroon. Also known as Unity Day in the country, this holiday commemorates the adoption of a unitary state in 1972. Although this day is a holiday, it’s not a day that the general population gets off. Schools and businesses remain open on this day.
School children usually are able to have class parades and/or marches with plenty of singing. People also listen to the speech of Cameroon’s president on this day, as well as the speeches of other important individuals.
The History Of National Day In Cameroon
Cameroon originally became a German colony in the 19th century and at the time was known as Kamerun. When Germany was defeated after WWI, the administration of this colony passed to Britain and France. When the United Nations was created at the end of WWII, this country would become a UN Trust Territory known as French Cameroun.
French Cameroun would gain independence from France on January 1, 1960, and British Southern Cameroons would also become a federated state on Cameroon on October 1, 1961. In a national referendum on May 20, 1972, the people of Cameroon voted for a unitary state as opposed to the existing federal state. After the successful vote, President Ahmadou Ahidjo abolished the federal system and put in place a unitary state known as the Republic of Cameroon.
Fun Facts About Cameroon
Cameroon isn’t as well known of a country as we think it should be, so we decided to give our readers some information about it that they might not know. We’ve listed those fun facts below.
- Cameroon is a Central African country.
- The official languages of Cameroon are French and English.
- Approximately 40% of the country’s total exports are made up of oil exports.
Observing National Day In Cameroon
On this holiday, school children all around the country are able to go on class trips to march in parades and sing. Also on this holiday, people gather together when they can and listen to political speeches by members of the Cameroon government—including the president.