National Day Of The People’s Republic Of China

National Day of the People’s Republic of China, also known simply as National Day, is a public holiday that’s observed in China. This day is celebrated annually on October 1st and it commemorates the proclamation of the establishment of the People’s Republic of China on October 1, 1949.

This holiday often has another six days added to it and is bundled together with the Golden Week – in effect, creating a public holiday that’s a full week long. During Golden Week, there are festivals, concerts, military parades, and other events as determined by the State Council.

The History Of National Day of the People’s Republic of China

The origins of this holiday can be traced back to October 1, 1949. This is when the leader of the Red Army, Mao Zedong, declared to a crowd of over 300,000 people in Tiananmen Square the official formation of the People’s Republic of China.

This declaration came right after the end of the civil war in which communist forces were able to take over the Nationalist government. In December 1949, during a meeting of the Central People’s Government Council, October 1st was chosen as National Day and ratified by the First National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference.

In 1999, the Chinese government decided to expand the celebration by seven days to give its citizens a 7-day vacation period. Many Chinese will use this expanded period of time to travel and/or visit with relatives. Other popular activities during this time include visiting amusement parks or parades during this time.

Fun Facts About China

Next to the history and the celebration of the National Day of the People’s Republic of China, here are some fun facts about China that we’ve uncovered.

  • China is one of four ancient civilizations. The other three are Babylonian, Mayan, and Egyptian.
  • This country is the third-largest country by area in the world. It covers approximately 9.6 million square kilometers.
  • China has the highest point in the world: Mount Everest (29,029 feet).
  • This country also has the most international borders. It borders 14 countries.
  • There are almost 60 ethnic groups living in China.
  • Kites were invented in China.

Customs & Celebrations Of National Day of the People’s Republic of China

This holiday usually begins with the raising of the Chinese national flag in Tiananmen Square in Beijing – the capital city of China. This flag ceremony is then usually followed up by a military parade, state dinners, and fireworks displays. Because this holiday is a part of Golden Week, people also use the time off to visit relatives and to take trips they ordinarily wouldn’t be able to take.

Where is it celebrated?
China (National holiday)Hong kong (National holiday)Macau (Public holiday) Show all
When is it?
This year (2023)
October 1 Sunday
Next year (2024)
October 1 Tuesday
Last year (2022)
October 1 Saturday