Republic Day in Madagascar

In Madagascar, December 11th was celebrated as Republic Day. This day commemorates the promulgation of the constitution of the Fourth Republic of Madagascar, which occurred on this date in 2010.

On December 16th of that same year, this holiday was declared a public holiday, intended to be celebrated for just one year, but it has continued since. This holiday is currently a public holiday in Madagascar, providing a day off for the general public and a day when many schools, government offices, and businesses are closed.

The History of Republic Day in Madagascar

It is believed that early settlers of Madagascar arrived in canoes launched from Borneo sometime between 350 BC and 550 AD. During the 16th century, the Portuguese made contact with the island. In the 19th century, the island became the Kingdom of Madagascar and was seen as a strategic location by both Britain and France. In 1883, the French invaded, removed the monarchy, and imposed their colonial rule on the island.

During WWII, the actions of the Vichy government of France led to a growing call for independence in Madagascar. This would lead to the Malagasy Uprising of 1947, a day now commemorated with Martyrs’ Day on March 29th. On December 11th, 2010, the constitution of the Fourth Republic of Madagascar was promulgated.

Observing Republic Day in Madagascar

This holiday is no longer observed on December 11th and is now observed on March 25th. It is observed as a public holiday, so people get the day off, and many schools, businesses, and government agencies are closed for the day.

It is also a day when people spend time with their friends and family members. On social media, the hashtag #RepublicDayMadagascar can be used to share this holiday with the world.

Where is it celebrated?
Madagascar (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
December 11 Wednesday
Next year (2025)
December 11 Thursday
Last year (2023)
December 11 Monday