Republic Day in Madagascar
In Madagascar, December 11th was a day that was celebrated as Republic Day. This day commemorates the promulgation of the constitution of the Fourth Republic of Madagascar that occurred on this date in 2010.
On December 16th of that same year, this holiday was made a public holiday that was supposed to be celebrated for just one year but has continued on. This holiday is currently a public holiday in Madagascar that’s a day off for the general public and a day on which many schools, government offices, and businesses are closed.
The History Of Republic Day In Madagascar
It’s believed that early settlers of Madagascar arrived in canoes launched from Borneo sometime between 350 BC and 550 AD. During the 16th century, the Portuguese made contact with the island. During the 19th century, the island became the Kingdom of Madagascar and was seen as a strategic location by both Britain and France. In 1883, the French invaded and ended up removing the monarchy and imposing their colonial rule on the island.
During WWII, the actions of the Vichy government of France led to a growing call for independence in Madagascar. This would lead to the Malagasy Uprising of 1947, a day that’s now commemorated with Martyrs Day on March 29th. On December 11th, 2010, the constitution of the Fourth Republic of Madagascar was promulgated.
Observing Republic Day In Madagascar
This holiday is no longer observed on December 11th and is now observed on the 25th of March. It’s observed as a public holiday, so people get the day off and many schools, businesses, and government agencies are closed for the day.