Republic Implantation Day in Portugal
Republic Implantation Day, also known as Republic Day, is a holiday in Portugal that is observed annually on the 5th of October. This holiday commemorates the creation of the Portuguese Republic in 1910 when the House of Braganza was overthrown.
Because this is a public holiday in Portugal, it is a day off for the general public, and non-essential government offices, schools, and businesses are closed for the day. If this holiday falls on a weekend instead of a weekday, then it is automatically moved to the following Monday so everyone can have an opportunity to have the day off.
The History of Republic Implantation Day in Portugal
On October 5, 1910, the House of Braganza, the ruling monarchy in Portugal since the 11th century, was overthrown in a revolution. A French-type republic was established after the king had been overthrown. This first republic lasted for approximately 16 years before it ended with a coup d’état on May 28, 1926.
After the coup, the National Dictatorship was put into effect in the country, and this was followed by the New State regime of António de Oliveira Salazar. This would prove to be one of the longest authoritarian regimes in all of Western Europe.
In 2011, this holiday was temporarily suspended due to budget cuts in Portugal. Although this suspension of the holiday was supposed to last until 2019, it was reintroduced as a holiday in 2016. It has been observed as a public holiday in Portugal ever since.
Observing Republic Implantation Day in Portugal
All across Portugal, this holiday is observed with concerts, cultural festivals, and parades. It is also a day for people to kick back and relax, or to attend one of the many events that happen around the country. And it is also a day for food, with Portuguese dishes such as Caldo Verde, Amêijoas à Bulhão Pato, and Feijoada Transmontana taking center stage.