1816: The University of Warsaw is founded on this day.
1847: The Montreal & Lachine Railway Line – the 2nd Canadian railway line in service is opened.
1863: At Gettysburg, Pennsylvania during the American Civil War, U.S. President Abraham Lincold delivers the now famous Gettysburg Address at the dedication of a military cemetary.
1941: The HMAS Sydney and the HSK Kormoran engage in an epic battle that ends up sinking both ships during World War II.
1942: At the Battle of Stalingrad during WWII, Soviet General Georgy Zhukov begins Operation Uranus. This operation counter-strikes at the city of Stalingrad and would become responsible for turning the tide of the battle in the Soviet Union’s favor.
1943: After a mass escape attempt and a foiled uprising, The Nazis dismantle the Janowska Concentration Camp in Lemberg, Ukraine. As a result, over six-thousand Jews are murdered.
1944: The 6th War Loan Drive is announced by United States’ President Franklin D. Roosevelt. The purpose of this drive is to sell at least $14 billion dollars in war bonds to pay for the war effort.
1944: 30 members of the Luxembourgish resistance defend Vianden against the Waffen SS at the Battle of Vianden.
1946: Afghanistan joins the United Nations.
1946: Iceland and Sweden join the U.N.
1955: The 1st issue of the National Review is published.
1959: The Edsel automobile – an automobile model that turned out to be highly unpopular with the public – is discontinued by the Ford Motor Company.
Famous Birthdays on November 19
American general, lawyer and 20th President of the United States, James A. Garfield is born in 1831.
German psychologist and sociologist Wilhelm Delthey is born in 1833.
Italian businessman and founder of the Venice Film Festival, Giuseppe Volpi is born in 1877.
American chemist and Nobel Prize laureate James B. Summer is born in 1887.