Birthday Of Prophet Muhammad And Imam Sadeq

The Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq is an important religious holiday not only in Iran but also in Muslim communities around the world. This holiday is observed on the 17th day of Rabi’ al-awwal on the Islamic calendar.

Because the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, this means that on the solar Gregorian calendar, the date of this holiday will shift. In some years, it will be observed on various dates in October, and in other years, the holiday falls in September.

Regardless of what month this holiday is celebrated, this day is an important holiday that pays honor to the Prophet as well as the 6th Imam and founder of the Ja’fari school of jurisprudence.

The History of the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq

Many Sunni Muslims believe that the Prophet Muhammad was born on the 12th of Rabi’ al-awwal, while many Shia Muslims believe that he was born on the 17th of Rabi’ al-awwal. Regardless of what day he was actually born, however, it’s agreed that he was an Arab who was religious and a political leader.

It’s also said that he was visited by the Angel Jibrail while he was meditating in a small cave outside of Mecca. Following his first revelation, he received daily revelations for 23 years until his death in 632. Jafar al-Sadiq was the sixth Imam of Twelver and Ismaili Shia.

Following the death of his father, he inherited the position of the Imam and became the founder of the Ja’fari School of Jurisprudence. This organization trained about 4,000 students. Since his date is also on the 17th of Rabi’ al-awwal, it’s observed along with the Prophet’s birthday.

Observing the Birthday of Prophet Muhammad and Imam Sadeq

This holiday is observed with religious ceremonies, pilgrims traveling to Mecca, and some Muslims observe it with fasting. Because it’s a public holiday, many schools, businesses, and government offices are closed, and it’s a day off for the general population.

Where is it celebrated?
Iran (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
September 21 Saturday
Next year (2025)
September 10 Wednesday
Last year (2023)
October 2 Monday