Anniversary Of The Foundation Of Vatican City
Observed as a national holiday in the Vatican City State, the Anniversary of the Foundation of Vatican City is celebrated every year on February 11th. This holiday celebrates the Lateran Treaty of February 11, 1929, making the Vatican a distinct territory with sovereign authority, exclusion dominion, and jurisdiction separate from Italy. This made the city one that was governed by the Holy See and an independent state.
This holiday is a public holiday in the Vatican and there are appropriate observances for this holiday in the city. Also, many people have the day off on this holiday—a holiday that’s called Anniversario della istituzione dello Stato della Città del Vaticano by the local population.
The History Of Anniversary Of The Foundation of Vatican City
In 1870, under the Italian Unification, the holdings of the Pope were left uncertain when Rome was annexed after a nominal resistance by papal forces. This situation would become known as the Roman Question and continued for the next 5+ decades. While Italy made no attempt to interfere with the Holy See while they’re within the walls of the Vatican, the country did confiscate church property in other places.
In 1929, the situation was resolved when the Lateran Treaty was signed between the Holy See and the Kingdom of Italy. This treaty would establish Vatican City as an independent state and reaffirm the status of Catholicism in Italy.
Observing Anniversary Of The Foundation of Vatican City
Although most of the public holidays in Vatican City revolve around religious feasts such as the Nativity of Mary or Christmas, there are two holidays that are exceptions to this rule.
The first holiday is the anniversary of the election of the Pope and the second one is the Anniversary of the Foundation of Vatican City. However, the latter is a public holiday and is observed as a general day off for those living in the Vatican.