Chuuk Constitution Day
Chuuk Constitution Day is a holiday observed in Chuuk State on October 1st every year. Chuuk is one of the four states of the Federated States of Micronesia and is home to 50,000 people, making it one of the most populous states of the FSM.
Although this holiday is not a public one, meaning that businesses, schools, and government offices remain open, it is an important holiday across the state. This day commemorates the ratification of the FSM constitution in 1978. It is commemorated with public speeches and a few official ceremonies.
The History of Chuuk in the Federated States of Micronesia
During the 1st and 2nd centuries BC, the islands of Feefen and Weene had human settlements and continued to be sparsely occupied until widespread human settlements began appearing in the 14th century. This is when the Chuukese culture began to come into its own as a distinct culture.
The Truk Atoll, now known as Chuuk Lagoon, was initially claimed by the Spanish Empire, but their role in the atoll was limited, and it was mainly inhabited and ruled by the Chuukese peoples. After the Spanish-American War, the Spanish withdrew from the Pacific, and Germany incorporated the territory into German New Guinea.
During WWI, Japan seized German possessions in the Pacific, and Chuuk would become the Empire of Japan’s possession under a mandate from the League of Nations after the war ended and Germany was defeated.
After WWII, the U.S. administered the area under a UN charter. In June of 1975, constitution drafting began in the islands, and on October 1, 1978, this constitution was ratified. It would take effect on May 10th.
Observing Chuuk Constitution Day
This holiday is observed with public speeches and a few official events. It is also a day when students learn more about Chuuk history. This is not a public holiday, so it is not a day off for the general population.