Constituent Assembly Convocation Day

Constituent Assembly Convocation Day is a holiday observed annually in Latvia on May 1st. It coincides with Labor Day in the country. The holiday commemorates the Constitutional Assembly of the first Latvian government in 1920, following the country’s declaration of independence from Russia two years earlier.

In 1922, Latvia’s Constitution was enacted. Today, celebrations for this holiday occur alongside Labor Day festivities in Latvia. Three days after this holiday, on May 4th, is the Restoration of the Independence of the Republic of Latvia holiday.

The History of Constituent Assembly Convocation Day in Latvia

Latvia declared its independence from Russia in 1918, an act followed by the Latvian War of Independence. This war lasted until February 1, 1920, when Latvia signed a ceasefire with Russia. After the ceasefire, Latvia pursued its right to self-determination.

On April 17th and 18th, 1920, general elections for the Constitutional Assembly of Latvia were held. The assembly’s sole purpose was to create a constitution for Latvia and consisted of 150 members. Jānis Čakste served as the speaker for the assembly and later became Latvia’s first President.

On May 1, 1920, the first session of the Constitutional Assembly was convened. The assembly continued until November 7, 1922. During its tenure, it adopted 205 laws and 291 regulations. Yet, its primary task was to adopt Latvia’s Constitution, which is considered the fundamental law of Latvia, although it has been amended since its re-adoption in the early 1990s.

Observing Constituent Assembly Convocation Day in Latvia

Because this holiday falls on Labor Day, many of its celebrations are integrated with those of Labor Day. Festivals, parades, concerts, and cultural events take place throughout the country. People also enjoy good food and the company of friends. As a public holiday, schools and many businesses close, giving the general population a day off.

Where is it celebrated?
Latvia (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
May 1 Wednesday
Next year (2025)
May 1 Thursday
Last year (2023)
May 1 Monday