Day Of The Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle

In North Macedonia, the 23rd of October is observed as a national holiday known as the Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle. This holiday commemorates the creation of the IMRO, or the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization, on October 23rd, 1893, in Thessaloniki.

Since this day is celebrated as a national holiday, it is a day off for the general public, and many public institutions and businesses are closed for the day. There are also various sporting competitions, festivals, parades, and concerts held across different parts of Macedonia. Speeches are given from the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts in North Macedonia.

The History of the Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle

For over five hundred years, North Macedonia was part of the Ottoman Empire, and it was during the 19th century when Bulgaria decided to become an independent country. This sparked a feeling of nationalism across the western part of the Ottoman Empire, and in Macedonia, several different resistance groups emerged to oppose Ottoman rule.

On October 23rd, 1893, in Thessaloniki, a small band of revolutionaries formed the Internal Macedonian Revolutionary Organization—an organization that would use guerrilla tactics against the Empire in 1896.

In 1903, the town of Krushevo was liberated for approximately 10 days before the Ottomans retook the town. Although this action was a failure, the IMRO continued its armed struggle for years, even after the Ottoman Empire had already fallen, all to create a Macedonian state.

Observing the Day of the Macedonian Revolutionary Struggle

The main festival is held at the Macedonian Opera and Ballet in North Macedonia. At this festival, speeches are usually given by historians and national figures. There are also usually special events at the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts. All across the country, people have the day off and attend concerts, parades, and sporting events.

Where is it celebrated?
North Macedonia (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 23 Wednesday
Next year (2025)
October 23 Thursday
Last year (2023)
October 23 Monday