Declaration Of Malacca As Historical City
Malacca was founded by King Parameswara in the late 14th century and over the years it had been a pivotal city in human history. That’s why the city was declared a historical city by then-Prime Minister Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad on April 15, 1989. Ever since that date, the 15th of April has been celebrated as the Declaration of Malacca as a Historical City Day.
Not long after this day became a holiday, the United Nations declared Malacca as UNESCO World Heritage Site. That’s because this city has been at the center of cultural and trading exchanges between the east and west for the last 500-years.
The History Of The Declaration of Malacca as a Historical City Day
Following the fall of the Srivijaya Empire, a Sumatran Prince decided to build a new kingdom and he decided that the place where Malacca would eventually be would be a good place for a new settlement.
He made that decision based on the fact that he saw his hunting dogs being kicked into a nearby river by a small deer while he was resting under a tree. He took that as an omen that this location would be an auspicious one for his new settlement. He then named the settlement after the Malacca Tree he had taken refuge under.
Over the years, Malacca would become a very important location indeed. During the 15th century, it was where Chinese envoys established trade ties and where favorable conditions between the local populace and the Chinese led to the creation of the Peranakan culture.
It was visited by Portuguese traders during the 16th century, before being eventually colonized by the Portuguese later. Over the years, it would be occupied by the British and the Japanese as well before it gained independence on August 31, 1957.
Observing The Declaration of Malacca as a Historical City Day
This day is a regional public holiday in Malacca, so some people might be off for this day. This holiday is usually celebrated with political speeches given by politicians and by cultural events held all over the area.