Independence Day in Dominica

Dominica is a Caribbean island nation known for its mountainous terrain, tropical rainforest, and hot natural springs. It is a country with a population of approximately 72,000 people—many of whom are residents of Dominica’s capital, Roseau. This country is not only known for its exports of bananas, bay oil, and grapefruit but also for its patriotism.

This is obvious to anyone who visits the country during Independence Day, a holiday that falls on November 3rd every year. This holiday marks the country’s independence from the United Kingdom, an event that occurred on this date in 1978.

The History Of Independence Day In Dominica

When Christopher Columbus sailed past this island on November 3rd, 1493, he decided to name it Dominica after the Latin term “Dies Dominica.” For anyone interested, this Latin term means “Sunday,” and he gave it that name because it was a Sunday when he sailed past it.

Although the Spanish tried to colonize this island not long after, they found it difficult to do so due to its rough terrain. They also felt it lacked natural resources. During the 17th century, the French brought African slaves to the island and began to develop coffee plantations. In 1690, the first European settlement was established along with the plantations.

Under the Treaty of Paris, Britain gained possession of Dominica in 1763, although the French didn’t give up attempts to take control of the country until the beginning of the 19th century. Dominica became part of the British Leeward Islands.

It wouldn’t be until November 3rd, 1978, that Dominica would gain its independence from Great Britain. It was then that it became an independent republic within the greater Commonwealth. Patrick John would then become the first Prime Minister of the country.

Observing Independence Day In Dominica

This holiday is observed with the raising of the country’s flag, with parades, festivals, and dances. It is also a holiday observed with plenty of food. Foods include the Mountain Chicken, a dish that is not actually chicken but is the Leptodactylus fallax frog. Saltfish, fried dough, and other dishes also make their appearance on this holiday.

Where is it celebrated?
Dominica (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
November 3 Sunday
Next year (2025)
November 3 Monday
Last year (2023)
November 3 Friday