Independence Day in Eritrea

Independence Day is a public holiday observed annually in Eritrea on May 24th. This holiday commemorates the anniversary of two significant events in the country’s recent history: the arrival of resistance fighters in the capital of Eritrea in 1991 and the country’s independence from Ethiopia in 1993.

Like most Independence Day celebrations, this day is marked with parades, carnivals, street performances, concerts, and sporting events. It is also celebrated by flying the flag of Eritrea and using fireworks.

The History of Eritrean Independence Day

Originally, both Eritrea and Ethiopia were part of the Kingdom of Aksum. During the 19th century, the area that is now Eritrea came under Italian control. After Italy’s defeat in World War II, the country fell under British administration. In 1962, Ethiopia annulled the Eritrean parliament and formally annexed the country.

The Eritrean People’s Liberation Front (EPLF) resisted the annexation, leading to a 30-year war. This conflict ended on May 24, 1991, when EPLF forces entered Asmara, the capital of Eritrea. In 1993, a new flag was adopted, and elections were held. Over 99% of Eritreans voted for independence, which officially took effect on May 24, 1993.

Amazing Facts About Eritrea

We have discovered some amazing facts about Eritrea that we would like to share with everyone.

  • The capital of Eritrea is sometimes referred to as “New Rome.”
  • Eritrea has no official language.
  • The name Asmara means “They Made Them Unite.”
  • Eritrea derives its name from the ancient designation of the Red Sea.
  • Over 30% of Eritrean freedom fighters were women.
  • A hominid skull that is over a million years old was found in the village of Buia in Eritrea.

Observing Eritrean Independence Day

This holiday is celebrated with the festivities one would expect from an independence celebration, including music, food, and family gatherings. Additionally, there are concerts, parades, and street performances throughout the country.

Where is it celebrated?
Eritrea (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
May 24 Friday
Next year (2025)
May 24 Saturday
Last year (2023)
May 24 Wednesday