Independence Of Guayaquil

The Independence of Guayaquil is a public holiday in Ecuador that is observed on October 9th. As its name suggests, it celebrates Guayaquil’s independence from Spain in 1820. Known by the locals as Independencia de Guayaquil, this holiday is celebrated with cultural and festive events all over the country.

Of course, this is only one holiday dedicated to independence in Ecuador, but there are also two others celebrated as well. Most of the main official celebrations for this holiday are centered in the city, although there are minor celebrations that occur across the countryside.

The History of the Independence of Guayaquil

From the 16th until the 19th century, Ecuador was under Spanish colonization. At the beginning of the 19th century, the capital city of Ecuador, Quito, had about 10,000 inhabitants. It was in that city that the first calls for independence from Spain began on August 10, 1809.

However, it wouldn’t be until October 9, 1820, that a call to independence would lead to a bloodless revolt against the local garrison in the port city of Guayaquil. This was the final blow that turned the tide against the Spanish and allowed for the eventual patriot victory on May 24, 1822.

Observing the Independence of Guayaquil

In the city of Guayaquil, this holiday is celebrated in a variety of ways both on this day and around this day. There are concerts and fireworks, dancing and drinking, and of course, plenty of food. There is also the Nautical Parade through the Salado Estuary. Most of these events not only occur on the day of October 9th but are also observed on the days surrounding this holiday.

Where is it celebrated?
Ecuador (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 9 Wednesday
Next year (2025)
October 9 Thursday
Last year (2023)
October 9 Monday