Independence Day in Peru

In Peru, Independence Day is a holiday celebrated on July 28th and commemorates the anniversary of Peru’s declaration of independence from Spain on this date in 1821. It is celebrated along with Peru’s Republic Day, a holiday observed on July 29th. This two-day holiday period is known as Las Fiestas Patrias, and it is one of the most important national holiday events in the entire country.

In cities and villages across Peru, citizens celebrate this holiday with colorful clothing, military parades, dancing, and music. It is a day on which all Peruvians can show their pride in their country and have a good time too.

The History of Independence Day in Peru

During the 15th century, the Spanish colonized Peru. Throughout the 19th century, there were multiple wars fought over independence. In Peru, there was an insurrection against the Spanish-controlled government, but that was quickly put down. For the most part, however, Peru remained loyal to the Spanish Crown.

A military campaign was then instigated by Peru’s Viceroy against Chile and their fight for independence. The tide quickly turned against the Viceroy and his Royalist forces, however, and Argentina and Chile signed a treaty to liberate Peru. Argentine commander José de San Martín entered Lima and declared the independence of Peru on July 28, 1821.

Although independence was declared on this date, it would not actually occur for another three years. The decisive win for the independence movements was the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824. Under the leadership of José de San Martín and Simón Bolívar, Peruvian independence was achieved.

Observing Independence Day in Peru

This holiday features a large procession of the Peruvian Armed Forces and National Police. This procession is called the Great Military Parade. If a new president has been elected, this is also the day when they assume their duties and address the nation for the first time as president. Other events include festivals, dances, and concerts that are held across the country.

Where is it celebrated?
Peru (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
Next year (2025)
Last year (2023)