Independence Day in Peru
In Peru, Independence Day is a holiday that’s celebrated on July 28th and commemorates the anniversary of Peru’s declaration of independence from Spain on this date in 1821. It’s celebrated along with Peru’s Republic Day, a holiday that’s observed on July 29th. This 2-day holiday period is known as Las Fiestas Patrias and it’s one of the most important national holiday events in the entire country.
In cities and villages all across Peru, citizens celebrate this holiday with colorful clothing, military parades, dancing, and music. It’s a day on which all Peruvians can show their pride in the country and have a good time too.
The History Of Independence Day In Peru
During the 15th century, the Spanish colonized Peru. All through the 19th century, there were multiple wars fought over independence. In Peru, there was an insurrection against the Spanish-controlled government, but that was quickly put down. For the most part, however, Peru remained loyal to the Spanish Crown.
A military campaign was then instigated by Peru’s Viceroy against Chile and their fight for independence. The tide quickly turned against the Viceroy and his Royalist forces, however, and Argentina and Chile signed a treaty to liberate Peru. Argentina commander Jose San Martin entered Lima and declared the independence of Peru on July 28, 1821.
Although independence was declared on this date, it wouldn’t actually occur for another three years. The decisive win for the independence movements was the Battle of Ayacucho in 1824. Under the leadership of Jose San Martin and Simon Bolivar, Peruvian independence was achieved.
Observing Independence Day In Peru
This holiday features a large procession of the Peruvian Armed Forces and National Police. This procession is called the Great Military Parade. If a new president has been elected, this is also the day when they assume their duties and address the nation for the first time as president. Other events include festivals, dances, and concerts that are held all across the country.