National Day / Double Tenth Day

The Taiwan National Day is also known as Double Tenth Day and Double Ten Day because this holiday falls on October 10th, which is the 10th day of the 10th month on the Gregorian calendar. This date is significant as it marks the beginning of the Wuchang Uprising on October 10, 1911.

This revolt marked the end of the Qing Dynasty, which had been established by the Manchus in 1644. The revolt directly led to the founding of the Republic of China on January 1, 1912. This public holiday is celebrated with many lights, music, parades, rallies, and other colorful events in Taiwan.

The History of National Day or Double Tenth Day

In the 17th century, the Qing Dynasty was established by the Manchus and was a prosperous dynasty until the beginning of the 19th century. This is when the Qing Court saw a dramatic decline in power, and China began to succumb to Western and Japanese influences.

This led to the nationalists’ uprising against the system under the leadership of Sun Yat-sen. The revolt in Wuchang was successful, and its success stirred other uprisings across China. This led to the fall of the Manchus.

This was then followed by Sun Yat-sen being elected the provisional president of the fledgling republic. After the Chinese Civil War, the government of the Republic of China lost control of the Chinese mainland and was forced to relocate to Taiwan in 1949.

Observing National Day or Double Tenth Day

Since this is the National Day of Taiwan, it is a day celebrated with numerous exciting and colorful events. There are parades with military color guards, martial arts displays, cultural activities, music, and folk dancing. The Presidential Office Building in Taipei is illuminated, and there is usually a large fireworks display as well.

Where is it celebrated?
Taiwan (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 10 Thursday
Next year (2025)
October 10 Friday
Last year (2023)
October 10 Tuesday