Orthodox New Year is a traditional holiday that celebrates the beginning of the New Year in the Julian calendar. In the Gregorian calendar, this holiday falls on January 14th every year. This holiday is observed by Orthodox Christians in the U.S., and all around the world. In the U.S, many of the traditions for celebrating this holiday have been burrowed from other parts of the world, especially traditions that came from eastern Europe. This holiday is known by a variety of different names around the world, but one of the most common ones is Old New Year.
The Background Of Orthodox New Year
Even though Orthodox New Year falls on January 14th on the Gregorian calendar, it falls on January 1st in the Julian calendar. The Julian calendar was first proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 B.C as a way to reform the Roman Calendar. This calendar was designed by Greek astronomers and mathematicians such as Sosigenes, and by Caesar’s official edict, it went into effect in 45 B.C.
The Julian calendar was used for more than 1,600-years, but then it became very clear that it had a minor flaw. It contained 365.25 days. Although this wasn’t a big deal from one year to the next, over the next 16 centuries it had a cumulative effect that pushed the major holidays away from each other. So Pope Gregory XIII promoted a minor change to the calendar and this stopped the drift of the calendar as it pertained to the equinoxes. This is why New Year’s Day on the Julian calendar falls on January 14th on the Gregorian calendar.
Orthodox New Year will remain on January 14th until 2100, but the inevitable drift of the calendar will change it to January 15th—if the calendar is still in use by Orthodox churches after that year.
Observing Orthodox New Year
Even though the New Year celebrations in most countries occur on January 1st on the Gregorian calendar, Orthodox or Old New Year is still celebrated by Orthodox churches in the U.S and around the world. It’s observed in the Serbian Orthodox Church, the Macedonian Orthodox Church, in the Russian Orthodox Church, and other churches around the world.
Orthodox New Year celebrations often include traditional buffets and dancing. People also attend liturgies, blessings, and other religious ceremonies on this day. Communal meals are also common on this day. In the U.S, Orthodox New Year isn’t a public holiday.
When is Orthodox New Year?
|This year (2021)||January 14 (Thursday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Next year (2022)||January 14 (Friday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Last year (2020)||January 14 (Tuesday)||Multiple dates - more|