Proclamation Of Independence Day
In the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, also known simply as East Timor, the 28th of November is observed each year as Independence Day. This day commemorates the country’s proclamation of independence from Portugal on this date in 1975. Because it’s a public holiday in East Timor, it’s a day off for many people, and schools, government offices, and businesses are closed.
It’s also a day when many residents hit the streets and attend a wide variety of different events such as parades, concerts, festivals, and street fairs. This is a holiday for all citizens to enjoy their freedom and take pride in their nation.
The History Of Independence Day In East Timor
During the 16th century, the Portuguese entered the area now known as East Timor. These explorers were soon followed by Christian missionaries and then by military forces. By the beginning of the 18th century, the territory had officially become a Portuguese colony and this colony was known as Timor.
This colony would remain under Portuguese control, even up until the 1970s. This would end during the Carnation Revolution in Portugal in 1974 that ended the dictatorship in that country and brought a new Portuguese attitude towards all remaining colonies of the country.
Portugal would eventually leave Timor to its own devices. On November 28th, 1975, a unilateral declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of East Timor was made. This proclamation was short-lived, however, because Indonesia would end up invading East Timor and it would become an Indonesian Province for the next 25-years.
Observing Independence Day In East Timor
This holiday is observed with much fervor and with a number of exciting activities. These activities include parades, concerts, fairs, and firework displays. People also enjoy communal meals with their friends and family members. During these meals, they enjoy dishes that include traditional food staples such as cassava, maize, sweet potatoes, chicken, beef, pork, goat, and taro. People also enjoy the day off and many institutions are closed for the day.