Observed as a regional public holiday in the Swiss Canton of Glarus, Näfelser Fahrt is a commemoration of the Battle of Näfels that was fought on April 9th, 1388. This battle was between the Glarus Canton with its Old Swiss Confederation allies and the Archduchy of Austria.
This holiday is observed on the first Thursday in April every year in the canton and it’s a day that’s observed by the military and civilians alike. It’s a public holiday in Glarus, which makes it a day off for the general population, and a day when schools and many businesses are closed.
The History Of Näfelser Fahrt In Glarus
Because of Glarus Canton’s proximity to waterways and its strategic importance, it was under the rule of Austria. Then the people of Glarus rose up against the occupying forces and began the Battle of Sempach in July of 1386.
Two years later, the Austrians would lay siege on the town of Näfels. At the time, the only defense of the city was a small garrison of 400 Swiss Confederation soldiers. Soldiers that ended up retreating into the hills surrounding the city.
As the garrison of the city retreated, the Austrian army began to plunder farms and villages around the city. As they were preoccupied with their looting, the Glarners emerged from the fog and took the Austrians by surprise.
The disorganized Austrian line broke and fled towards Weesen. However, many of these soldiers were killed as the bridge collapsed over the Maag and dropped them into the Linth where they drowned. It was estimated that Habsburg’s losses were around 700 soldiers.
In 1389, a 7-years peace was signed in Vienna. This is also the year when the first pilgrimage to the site of the battle was held. This was the first Näfelser Fahrt. Over the past 633+ years, this pilgrimage has occurred and is now a public holiday that’s observed on the first Thursday in April.
Observing Näfelser Fahrt In Glarus
This is a day off for the general population and a time when schools, government offices, and some businesses are closed. There is an annual pilgrimage to the site of the battle. This procession combines religious Medieval traditions for the remembrance of the dead with modern, patriotic celebrations.
Up to a thousand people can take part in this procession every year. The hashtag #NafelserFahrt is often used on social media to spread the word about this holiday online. This is also a time for people to spend time with their friends and family members or simply enjoy some time off for themselves.
When is Näfelser Fahrt?
|This year (2023)||April 6 (Thursday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Next year (2024)||April 4 (Thursday)||Multiple dates - more|
|Last year (2022)||April 7 (Thursday)||Multiple dates - more|