The Autumnal Equinox, known as the September Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere happens on the day in which the sun crosses the celestial equator. An event that happens anywhere from September 22nd to September 24th every year. For those living in the Southern Hemisphere, this event is called the Spring Equinox because of the juxtaposition of seasons between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.
It is a day which marks the end of summer and the beginning of the fall season in the Northern Hemisphere. As a result, it was often an important holiday for agriculturally based communities and was usually celebrated with some form of fall festival.
Customs And Observations
In Japan, The Autumnal Equinox is a national holiday. During both this day and the Spring Equinox, various Buddhist sects celebrate Ohigan. Buddhists from all around the country use the day to pay respect to their ancestors.
For many Wiccans, this day is called Mabon. This is often done with apple harvest rites or by holding a gratitude ritual. It is also a time of the year. Many Wiccans, as well as other pagans, use this time of the year to give to those who are less fortunate or to donate to a food drive.