1612: 3 women who hail from the village of Samlesbury, England are put on trial for practicing the dark arts of witchcraft. The trial of these 3 women, who were known as the Samlesbury witches, becomes one of the most famous witch trials in British history.
1666: Rear Admiral Robert Holmes attacks the Dutch island Terschelling during the Second Anglo-Dutch War.
1692: 4 mean and 1 woman are convicted of witchcraft and subsequently executed in Salem, Massachusetts during the Salem Witch Trials.
1782: The Battle of Blue Licks occurs on this day. It is the last major engagement of the American Revolutionary War.
1812: An American frigate known as the USS Constitution defeats the British frigate known as the HMS Guerriere off of the coast of Nova Scotia, Canada.
1854: The U.S Army kills the Lakota Chief known as Conquering Bear. This results in them all being massacred, as well as the beginning of the First Sioux War.
1862: Lakota warriors turn their attack the a settlement known as New Ulm instead of trying to attack the heavily-fortified Fort Ridgely during the American Indian Wars.
1909: the first car race takes place at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway.
1919: Afghanistan gains its independence from the U.K.
1944: French forces, with the aid of Allied troops, rise up against German forces and become the Liberation of Paris.
1945: Led by Ho Chi Minh, the Viet Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam during what became known as the August Revolution.
Famous Birthdays on August 19
English author and philosopher Gilbert Ryle is born in 1900.
American poet Ogden Nash is born in 1902.
American novelists James Gould Cozzens is born in 1903.
American singer-songwriter Jimmy Rowles is born in 1918.
American publisher Malcolm Forbes is born in 1919.
American screenwriter, producer and Star Trek creator Gene Roddenberry is born in 1921
42nd President of the United States Bill Clinton is born in 1946.