1814: As the British attempt to advance in Baltimore, American forces halt their momentum at the Battle of North Point during the War of 1812.
1846: Poet Elizabeth Barret elopes with playwright Robert Browning.
1847: During the Mexican American War, the battle of Chapultepec starts.
1857: Around 160-miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, the SS Central America sinks. A total of 426 people – both passengers and crew – drown. This includes Capt. William Lewis Herndon. The SS Central America was carrying approximately 14 tons of gold from the California Gold Rush.
1919: Adolf Hitler joins the German Worker’s Party on this day. This party would later become the Nazi Party.
1923: Southern Rhodesia is annexed by the U.K. Today, this country is known as Zimbabwe.
1933: Leó Szilárd comes up with the idea behind nuclear chain reactions while he’s waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury.
1939: Adolf Hitler demands self-determination for Germans living in the Sudetenland of
1940: In Lascaux, France, cave paintings are discovered.
1942: The RMS Laconia is torpedoed off of the coast of West Africa killing civilians, Italian POWs and Allied soldiers.
1943: Led by Austrian SS-Obersturmbannführer (Lt. Colonel) Otto Skorzeny, a rescue operation is undertaken by German commandos to free the dictator of Italy, Benito Mussolini from house arrest in Gran Sasso.
1952: an unexplained sighting of an unidentified extraterrestrial is seen by residents in Flatwoods, Virginia.
1953: United States Senator and future U.S President John F. Kennedy marries Jacqueline Lee Bouvier at St. Mary’s Church in Newport, Rhode Island.
1962: United States President John Fitzgerald Kennedy gives a now famous speech at Rice University that affirms that the United States will put a man on the moon before the conclusion of the decade.
Famous Birthdays on September 12
Nobel Prize laureate, French chemist and physicist Irene Joliot-Curie is born in 1897.
American mathematician and logician Haskell Curry is born in 1900.
American race car driver Lou Moore is born in 1904.
Irish poet and playwright Louis MacNeice is born in 1907.
American Olympic sprinter and long jumper Jesse Owens is born in 1913.
American singer-songwriter Barry White is born in 1944.