Constitution Day in Tonga

In Tonga, the 4th of November is known as Constitution Day. It’s a day that commemorates the anniversary of the creation of the country’s constitution on this date in 1875. Their constitution is the second-oldest in the Southern Hemisphere and the ninth oldest in the world.

Although this holiday is usually celebrated on November 4th most years, there are some years when it’s celebrated on other days of the week. For example, if the holiday falls on a Thursday, Friday, or weekend day, then it’s moved to the following Monday. This day is celebrated with parades, festivals, concerts, and other festivities.

The History of Constitution Day in Tonga

HM King Tupou I first initiated the signing of the country’s constitution on November 4th, 1875. This would turn the country into a constitutional monarchy with power being separated between the legislative, executive, and judiciary branches.

Interesting Facts About Tonga

Since Constitution Day is a holiday that takes place in Tonga, a Polynesian kingdom that incorporates approximately 170 islands, we thought it would be fun to discuss some of the interesting facts about this kingdom and its beautiful islands.

  • Tonga covers an area of 747 square miles and has a population of over 105,600 people.
  • It’s the only monarchy in Oceania and has been inhabited for over 3,000 years.
  • It’s illegal for both men and women to be topless in public.
  • Only 36 of Tonga’s 170 islands are inhabited.
  • Tonga is the world’s eighth most obese nation.
  • On four of Tonga’s islands, there are active volcanoes.
  • The first Europeans to visit Tonga were the Dutch during the 17th century.

Observing Constitution Day in Tonga

Because this is a public holiday in Tonga, it’s a day off for the general public and a day on which many businesses, schools, and government offices are closed. It’s also a day that’s filled with a variety of patriotic activities including parades, carnivals, concerts, and art exhibitions.

Where is it celebrated?
Tonga (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
November 4 Monday
Next year (2025)
November 3 Monday
Last year (2023)
November 4 Saturday