Orthodox Pentecost

The Orthodox Pentecost is one of the Great Feasts observed in the Orthodox Church. Also known as the Descent of the Holy Spirit or Trinity Day, this holiday is observed 50 days after Pascha (which is always on a Sunday). It is seen in the Church as the final fulfillment of the mission of Christ and the beginning of the age of the Kingdom of God.

Aside from celebrating the coming of the Holy Spirit, this holiday also celebrates the revelation of the Trinity: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. It’s a day celebrated as God’s disclosure of Himself to the world He created. Therefore, this holiday is not only a deeply religious one but also an extremely joyous one that’s observed with much enthusiasm.

The History of Orthodox Pentecost

In the Old Testament, Pentecost was a feast that occurred 50 days after Passover. While the Passover Feast celebrated the Israelites’ exodus from slavery in Egypt, the Pentecost Feast was observed as God’s gift of the Ten Commandments to Moses on Mount Sinai. In the New Testament, Passover takes on new meaning under the covenant of the Messiah.

As described in the Acts of the Apostles, after the ascension of Christ to heaven, the apostles gathered in Jerusalem with the Virgin Mary. On the day of Pentecost, a mighty wind filled the house where they had gathered, and tongues of fire appeared over their heads. The Holy Spirit is then said to have descended upon them, and they were filled with God’s power.

Pentecost is seen by the Orthodox Church as the final fulfillment of Christ’s mission and the beginning of the One Holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. To Christians in the Orthodox faith, Pentecost is not just a religious celebration but a celebrated historical event. It’s also seen as a celebration of their Church membership.

Observing Orthodox Pentecost

On this day, Orthodox Christians attend special services that include prayers, hymns, and Gospel readings. They also light candles and offer up prayers to the Virgin Mary, in many cases asking for her guidance and intercession. It’s also common in some regions for people to dress up their homes with greenery and flowers as a sign of new life.

Overall, Orthodox Pentecost is a holiday that holds great importance in many religious traditions. It serves as a reminder of the relationship between the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, as well as a renewal of faith for those committed to Christ.

Where is it celebrated?
Romania (National holiday, orthodox)Ukraine (National holiday, orthodox)
When is it?
This year (2024)
Next year (2025)
Last year (2023)