Republic Day Eve

Republic Day Eve is a public holiday observed in Turkey, preceding Republic Day—a day that commemorates the proclamation of the Turkish Republic on October 29th, 1923. This holiday occurs the day before this event, and many of the annual celebrations start at 1 pm, continuing over the next 35 hours.

Because this is a national holiday, schools, businesses, and government offices close, allowing the general public to participate in the patriotic festivities. Events on this day typically begin with the display of the Turkish flag and other patriotic symbols, followed by various activities as the holiday progresses.

The History of Republic Day Eve in Turkey

The Ottoman Empire, established by Turkish tribes in Anatolia (also known as Asia Minor), grew to become one of the most powerful states in the world during the 15th and 16th centuries. The Ottoman period lasted for over six centuries and came to an end due to World War I.

After the Ottoman Empire’s defeat in WWI, the empire was partitioned by the Allies. The Allies’ occupation of Turkey led to the rise of Turkish nationalists, which in turn sparked the Turkish War of Independence, lasting from 1919 to 1923. In July of 1923, the Allies withdrew from Turkey, and Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was appointed President of the Republic of Turkey on October 29th, 1923. Ankara was designated the capital city of the new republic, and a constitution was established in April of 1924.

Observing Republic Day Eve in Turkey

Celebrations commence on October 28th at 1 pm with displays of significant Turkish symbols, such as the Turkish flag, and people laying wreaths at one of the statues of Atatürk located throughout the country. The festivities include parades, festivals, music, dancing, food, and, as with any independence day celebration, fireworks.

Where is it celebrated?
Turkey (Half day)
When is it?
This year (2024)
October 28 Monday
Next year (2025)
October 28 Tuesday
Last year (2023)
October 28 Saturday