Unification Day in Bulgaria

Unification Day is a public holiday that’s observed annually on the 6th of September in Bulgaria. This holiday commemorates the unification of Eastern Rumelia and the Principality of Bulgaria on September 6th, 1885.

The events leading up to this date are seen as very important to the formation of Bulgaria. In fact, some people see the 6th of September as more important to the country’s formation than the signing of the Treaty of San Stefano on March 3rd, 1877. That day is the National Day of Bulgaria and is very important as well.

The History of Unification Day in Bulgaria

During the 14th century, Bulgaria became a part of the Ottoman Empire. Throughout the centuries, the local population rose up against Ottoman rule, but these uprisings were quickly suppressed time and time again. This led to condemnation by the international community. Then, in 1877, Russia declared war on the Ottoman Empire. This war lasted from April of 1877 through March of 1878, which is when the San Stefano Peace Treaty was signed.

The rest of the world felt that a united Bulgaria was too large and its influence would be too great on the local area. As a result, the Treaty of Berlin broke the country into Eastern Rumelia and the Principality of Bulgaria. Eastern Rumelia was then returned to the Ottoman Empire.

Bulgarians were enraged by the Treaty of Berlin and felt that it was unfair. This resulted in peaceful demonstrations at first, but these quickly led to open rebellion in the country. In February of 1885, the Bulgarian Secret Central Revolutionary Committee was formed, and they assisted in speeding up the unification process. Reunification came on September 6th, 1885, when Eastern Rumelia and Bulgaria declared their unification in Plovdiv.

Observing Unification Day in Bulgaria

This holiday is observed with parades, festivals, open-air concerts, and speeches delivered by politicians. Because it’s a public holiday, schools, government offices, and businesses are closed on this day, and the general public has the day off.

Where is it celebrated?
Bulgaria (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
September 6 Friday
Next year (2025)
September 6 Saturday
Last year (2023)
September 6 Wednesday