Republic Day in Central African Republic

Republic Day is a national holiday celebrated annually on December 1st in the Central African Republic. As the name suggests, it commemorates the anniversary of when the country became an autonomous territory in 1958 after being a French colony for many years.

It was previously known as Ubangi-Shari before changing its name to the Central African Republic. This day allows everyone in the country to reflect on their independence and spend time with friends and family. Since it is a public holiday, most schools and businesses are closed.

The History of Republic Day

In 1894, France invaded and colonized this Central African territory. The French eventually incorporated it into French Equatorial Africa in 1920 and introduced a policy of mandatory cotton cultivation. They also implemented a system of forced labor to build a road network across Central Africa, resulting in the deaths of thousands of construction workers.

When the French Fourth Republic collapsed, French Equatorial Africa was dissolved in 1958. The states that comprised it all became autonomous members within the French Community on December 1, 1958. Two years later, on August 13, 1960, the Central African Republic gained full independence from France.

Quick Facts About the Central African Republic

Since many people may not have heard of the Central African Republic before learning about Republic Day, we thought we would share some facts about this country that will help people expand their knowledge about it.

  • The Central African Republic has been inhabited for over 8,000 years.
  • During the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries, slave traders exploited the region and transported tens of thousands of people to slave camps around the world.
  • David Dacko was the first president of the Central African Republic.

Observing Republic Day

Republic Day is observed throughout the Central African Republic with special events, political speeches, and parades. People also take time to learn more about the country’s independence. It is a day of national pride, and as such, people across the country take great pride in it.

Where is it celebrated?
Central African Republic (Public holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
December 1 Sunday
Next year (2025)
December 1 Monday
Last year (2023)
December 1 Friday