1824: The United States House of Representatives are charged with the task of deciding a winner of the U.S. Presidential election because no candidate received a majority of the electoral college votes. This is in accordance with the 12th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.
1834: With the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833, slavery is outlawed in the Cape Colony.
1862: During his State of the Union Address, U.S President Abraham Lincoln reaffirms the importance of ending slavery.
1865: The first historically black university in the southern U.S – Shaw University – is founded on this day.
1913: The moving assembling line is introduced by Ford Motor Company.
1924: The first U.S based NHL hockey franchise – the Boston Bruins – plays their first league game at home.
1941: The final approval to begin war against the U.S is given by Emperor Hirohito of Japan.
1941: The Civil Air Patrol is created when New York Mayor Fiorello La Guardia signs Administrative Order Nine.
1955: An African-American seamstress named Rosa Parks refuses to give her seat up to a white man. As a result, she’ arrested for violation of Montgomery, Alabama’s segregation laws. Her arrest would lead to a bus boycott in that city and Rosa Parks would become an icon of the American Civil Rights Movement.
Famous Birthdays on December 1
French sculptor Étienne Maurice Falconet is born in 1716.
German chemist Martin Heinrich Klaproth is born in 1743.
French sculptor and founder of Madame Tussauds Wax Museum, Marie Tussaud is born in 1761.
American poet Julia A. Moore is born in 1847.
American actress and singer, Mary Martin is born in 1913.
American baseball player and manager, Marty Marion is born in 1917.
American screenwriter, director and actor, Woody Allen is born in 1935.
American drummer Sandy Nelson is born in 1938.
American comedian, actor and screenwriter, Richard Pryor is born in 1940.
American actress and singer-songwriter, Bette Midler is born in 1945.
American actress, model and singer, Zoë Kravitz is born in 1988.