Restoration Of Independence in Portugal
Restoration of Independence is a holiday that’s observed on December 1st every year in Portugal. This holiday observes the reinstatement of sovereignty after Spanish Rule-a period that lasted from 1580 until the Portuguese Restoration War in 1640.
On December 1, 1640, the Portuguese monarchy was restored and the House of Braganca was founded. It’s been celebrated as a holiday ever since. Because this day is a public holiday, the general population has the day off and most schools and businesses are closed for the day.
The History Of Restoration Of Independence
In 1587, following the death of King D Sebastiao at the battle of Alcacer Quibir in North Africa, Portugal suffered from a power vacuum. This vacuum was taken advantage of by Philip II—the King of Spain—who also happened to be the grandson of D. Manuel I of Portugal. He would ascend to the throne.
Not long after ascending the throne, Portugal would become involved in a war with England and lost a chunk of its empire as well as part of its naval fleet. This would result in the nobility of Portugal taking action and starting a revolution. On December 1, 1640, the monarch of Portugal was restored and a new ruling dynasty was formed.
Fun Facts About Portugal
Everything that we learned about Portugal can be found below. Let’s take a quick look at them.
- Portugal is the oldest nation-state in Europe.
- The oldest bookstore in the world is located in Lisbon, Portugal.
- The University of Coimbra was established in 1290. It’s the oldest university in the world.
Observing Restoration Of Independence
Since this day is a bank holiday, many schools, banks and businesses are closed. On this day, there are usually parades and other celebrations, and the Portuguese flag is often prominently displayed. It’s a day for the citizens of Portugal to enjoy their independence and they do so by spending time with friends and family members.