The Battle Of Pichincha

The Anniversary of the Battle of Pichincha Day is a public holiday observed annually on May 24th in Ecuador. This holiday commemorates the battle that secured independence for Ecuador on this day in 1822. The Battle of Pichincha took place on the slopes of the Pichincha volcano near the city of Quito.

This battle was part of the Spanish-American Wars of Independence and pitted the Patriot Army, led by General Antonio Jose de Sucre, against a Royalist army commanded by Field Marshal Melchor Aymerich.

The History of the Battle of Pichincha Day

After the French invaded Spain during the Napoleonic Wars and Napoleon installed his brother on the Spanish throne, the colonies of Spain began to lose their sense of loyalty to their mother country.

This coincided with a movement for independence that was sweeping through Latin America. This set the stage for Ecuadorian independence. On May 24, 1822, Ecuador’s moment of liberation took place on the Pichincha volcano. The battle lasted only about three hours and ended with the Patriot army defeating the Royalist army.

Interesting Facts About Ecuador

Below are some interesting facts about Ecuador that we learned while researching the Battle of Pichincha Day.

  • The national tree of Ecuador is the cinchona tree.
  • The Republic of Ecuador translates to “The Republic of the Equator.”
  • Ecuador is home to the world’s first UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • Ecuador was once part of a country joined with Venezuela and Colombia.

Observing the Anniversary of the Battle of Pichincha Day

Special services and events take place all across the country. These include festivals, concerts, and parades, many of which occur in the capital city of Quito. The flag of the Republic of Ecuador is also displayed on this holiday to adorn homes and businesses.

Where is it celebrated?
Ecuador (National holiday)
When is it?
This year (2024)
May 24 Friday
Next year (2025)
May 24 Saturday
Last year (2023)
May 24 Wednesday