Russia Day

Celebrated on June 12th every year since 1994, Russia Day is an official holiday observed in the Russian Federation. It is a day that celebrates the democratic reforms in that country when the Russian Federation adopted the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic on June 12th of 1990. Since it is an official holiday, most public offices, schools and banks are closed on this day.


On December 26th, 1991 the Soviet Union was officially dissolved and the Russian Federation was established. This was followed by the proclamation of June 12th as an official holiday by the Supreme Soviet of Russia in 1992 and was called Russian Independence Day. In 2002, it was renamed Russia Day because there was some confusion by Russian citizens over the name and whom Russia had gained independence from.

Customs, Traditions And Celebrations

Although this day is an official Russian holiday, many Russian citizens are still somewhat ambivalent towards the holiday. In a recent poll, only about 1 in 5 Russian citizens consider this day to have significant symbolic meaning and most view this day as simply an excuse to have a day off from work. Since this day essentially is a remembrance of when the Soviet Union fell, many Russians view this day with some animosity.

However, that doesn’t mean Russian Day isn’t without its traditions or celebrations. For instance, there are many track and field events that are held right outside the Kremlin on this day. Inside the Kremlin, there are often awards given out to scientist, writers and other prominent Russians on this day for excellence in science, humanitarian causes or culture. Other events that celebrate this day include firework displays, concerts and the public speeches that acknowledge the achievements of great Russians.

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