338 BC: Philip II of Macedon defeats armies from both Athens and Thebes during the Battle of Chaeronea.
216 BC: Hannibal leads the Carthaginian Army against the Roman Army during the Second Punic War.
1776: 56 delegates formally sign the United States Declaration of Independence.
1790: The first United States census was conducted revealing a U.S population of over 3.9 million people and almost 700,000 slaves.
1832: The Black Hawk War ends in the United States when 1300 Illinois militia militarily defeat members of the Sauk and Fox Native American tribes at the Battle of Bad Axe.
1858: The Indian Government is transferred to the British Crown from the East India Company.
1929: A heat wave strikes portions of Kansas, Missouri and Oklahoma producing drought conditions and driving temperatures over 100-degrees.
1934: After the death of German President Paul Von Hindenburg, Adolf Hitler becomes Germany’s President and Chancellor – otherwise known as the Fuhrer.
1937: The Marihuana Tax Act of 1937 is passed in the United States making all forms of marijuana illegal.
1943: Future U.S President John F. Kennedy saved members of his crew when the ship he was Lieutenant of, the PT-109, was sunk by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri while it was on patrol near the Solomon Islands.
1949:S. Comedian Bob Hope is bucked off of a fake steed on a Hollywood set while he was working on a movie.
1964: Three North Vietnamese torpedo boats attack the United States Destroyer Maddox at the Gulf of Tonkin off the coast of Northern Vietnam.
1980: Right wing terrorists explode a bomb in a waiting room at a railway station in Bologna, Italy. The resulting blast kills over 70 people and wounds more than 200 others.
Famous Birthdays on August 2
Swiss scholar Theodor Zwinger is born in 1533
Dutch painter Samuel Dircksz van Hoogstraten is born in 1627
Electrical engineer Elisha Grey is born in 1835
French classical architect Nicolas de Pigage is born in 1723